EZRA


EZRA
EZRA, family prominent in India in the 19th and 20th centuries. JOSEPH BEN EZRA BEN JOSEPH KHLEF (d. 1855), one of the notables of the Jewish community in Baghdad, traveled to India at the beginning of the 19th century. Together with his sons Ezekiel and David, he settled in Calcutta, engaging in commerce and becoming very wealthy. After some time, he returned to Baghdad, where he died. The family was known as Baḥer (Ar. "sea"), possibly because they were among the first to cross the sea to India. The traveler benjamin ii first mentioned Joseph as among the most distinguished personalities of Calcutta in 1849. Joseph's son DAVID (1797–1882) was president of the Calcutta Jewish community and one of the outstanding Oriental philanthropists. Contributing generously to charitable institutions in India and Iraq, he assisted the Palestinian sheluḥim ("emissaries") who often visited India, and also provided funds for the ransoming of captives. A street was named after him in Calcutta, where he built two magnificent synagogues: Neweh Shalom (1856) and Bet El (1870). His son ELIAS DAVID (1830–1886) was also a wealthy philanthropist. In 1882 he opened a school for the poor in Calcutta and in 1883/84 built a synagogue named Maghen David after his father. He contributed 12,000 rupees toward the establishment of a zoological garden which became known as "Ezra House." In 1870, he married Mozelle (Mazal-Tov; 1850–1921), the daughter of Sir Albert sassoon . She founded a large hospital for the poor in Calcutta, named Ezra Hospital after her husband, and two yeshivot: Mazal Ẓome'aḥ and Knesset Eliahu in Jerusalem. Their son SIR DAVID (1871–1947), president of the Jewish community of Calcutta, was also a noted philanthropist. In 1912 he married Rachel (1877–1952), daughter of Solomon David Sassoon. Both were active in many spheres of public life: David was president of a scientific society for the study of nature in India; Rachel founded the League of Jewish Women in 1913 and administered two hospitals. In recognition of their services to India, David was knighted in 1927. During World War II, they gave generous relief to refugees from Europe. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D.S. Sassoon, History of the Jews in Baghdad (1949), index. (Abraham Ben-Yaacob)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EZRA — (Heb. עֶזְרָא; (YHWH) helps ), priest and scribe who played a major role in the rebuilding of the Temple, after the return from the Babylonian exile. The Man and His Mission Ezra whose name means help (possibly a shortened form for עֲזַרְיָה The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ezra — 1 Ezra 2 Ezra 3 Ezra 4 Ezra 5 Ezra 6 Ezra 7 Ezra 8 Ezra 9 Ezra 10 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Ezra — ist ein Vorname aus dem Hebräischen mit der Bedeutung „Gott hilft/ ist Hilfe“. Bekannte Namensträger sind Ezra Pound, US amerikanischer Dichter (1885 1972) Ezra Stoller, US amerikanischer Architekturfotograf (1915 2004) Ezra ist der Familienname… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ezra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ezra fue un líder religioso judío que vivió en el cuarto siglo a.C. en Babilonia y Jerusalén. Restituyó a la la comunidad judía después de su exilio en Babilonia, persuadiendo a las personas de la Judá a volver a una …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ezra — Ȅzra (5. st. pr. Kr.) DEFINICIJA zajedno s Nehemijem doveo prve skupine Judejaca iz babilonskog sužanjstva natrag u Jeruzalem; prikupio, redigirao, prepisivao, potakao prepisivanje i kanonizirao većinu starozavjetnih knjiga (»Ezra pisar«);… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ezra — • Or Ezra. Article on the man and the books which bear his name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ezra — m Biblical: name (meaning ‘help’ in Hebrew) of a prophet, author of the book of the Bible that bears his name. It was taken up by the Puritans in the 17th century, and has remained in occasional use ever since, especially in America, where it was …   First names dictionary

  • Ezra — Ezra, Abraham ben Mehir ibn Ezra, Moisés ben …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ezra — masc. proper name, in O.T. name of a celebrated 5c. B.C.E. scribe, from Late Latin, from Heb. Ezra, contraction of Azaryah(u), lit. God has helped, from ezer help + Yah, a shortened form of Yahweh God …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ezra — [ez′rə] n. [LL(Ec) < Heb ezra, lit., help] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible a) a Hebrew scribe, prophet, and religious reformer of the 5th cent. B.C. b) the book telling of his life and teachings: abbrev. Ez: or Ezr …   English World dictionary


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